Many people begin fertility care unsure of where they should begin. Although there are a vast number of fertility treatment options available, they are not well suited for everyone. Knowing the benefits of various fertility treatments can help you start a dialogue with your fertility care team.
Ovary removal, or oophorectomy, may be performed for a number of reasons to address medical issues. When only one ovary is removed, a woman is still able to become pregnant as her remaining ovary will continue to produce eggs and ovulate. If fertility issues exist, a woman with one ovary can receive treatment just like any other woman. Understanding the process of ovary removal and its impact on your fertility may make undergoing this procedure less stressful.
For older women and women with a diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) time can be the greatest factor in the ability to become pregnant and have a healthy baby. Embryo banking and staggered IVF provides a way for women to take full advantage of viable eggs while they care.
Biologically, women are best equipped to become pregnant before age 35. After this point, a woman’s natural fertility begins to decline. However, fertility treatment methods such as IVF make it possible for women to have children even after age 35.
Read more: Breaking Down IVF Treatment Options For Older Women
Endometriosis has the ability to substantially impact a woman’s fertility. Getting diagnosed early and following a personalized treatment plan allows women with endometriosis to have the families they’ve dreamed of.
For couples at a high risk for genetic disease, the decision to have children is not a simple one. Couples must weigh their desire for children with the likelihood of a chromosomal defect. Thankfully, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, commonly referred to as PGD, allows genetic diseases to be identified in embryos as a part of in vitro fertilization. The embryos are tested prior to transfer and implantation to ensure healthy embryos are transferred.
In vitro fertilization, commonly referred to as IVF, treatment concludes with the transfer of embryos directly into a woman’s uterus. From there it is a waiting game to see if the transferred embryos implant, resulting in pregnancy. In traditional IVF treatment, multiple embryos are transferred with the belief that increasing the number of embryos also increases the chance of pregnancy. However, research shows this is not the case. Transferring multiple embryos does not increase pregnancy rates. What does increase is the likelihood of conceiving multiples which can result in significant health risks to both mother and child.
In-Vitro Maturization (IVM) is a technique that allows an egg that was not fully developed at the time of egg retrieval, to continue to mature in the lab. An immature egg takes more time to fertilize, therefore a woman’s ovulation time is around 14 days to insure that the egg will be at the proper stage for insemination. A culture medium is used to mature the egg, which contains important amino acids. Occasionally the amino acids can be supplemented with follicular fluid from the donor eggs to enhance egg maturation in the lab.
The journey to starting a family isn’t always easy. As many as one in every eight couples will have trouble trying to conceive. Seeing a negative result when you’ve done everything “right” can be stressful and heartbreaking. If you’ve been trying to get pregnant without success, do not give up hope! There are many treatment plans available to address a number of medical causes of fertility issues.