Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is an ancillary procedure used in conjunction with IVF treatment to help promote fertilization. ICSI is the injection of a single sperm directly into an egg in order to produce a high quality egg. This is the preferred method of fertilization in vitro vs. combining eggs and sperm in a lab dish. Knowing more about the ICSI process and its effectiveness can help you understand if this ancillary IVF treatment option is something you should consider.
A man may be infertile even if he produces adequate quantities of sperm in ejaculate. Should his sperm be misshaped or not move correctly, fertilization will be difficult, if not impossible.
In order to be considered fertile, a man’s sperm must:
Should any of these functions be diagnosed as abnormal, a man’s sperm may not be able to penetrate eggs while swimming together in a petri dish.
ICSI may be used whenever male fertility is a concern. The process can address issues with the shape and movement of sperm and compensate for low sperm count. If sperm are produced but are not present in semen, they can be manually retrieved and then used in the ICSI process. The process may also be suggested to couples who have had low fertilization rates during other cycles.
ICSI and IVF Process
ICSI is performed in conjunction with IVF. Once retrieved, each egg is injected with a single sperm in a laboratory setting. The eggs are then monitored for signs of fertilization. The resulting embryos are closely monitored as they develop through EmbryoScope technology. Healthy embryos are then transferred to the mother’s uterus, or frozen for future Frozen Embryo Transfers (FET).
ICSI and IVF Pregnancy Success
While pregnancy success may vary based on the quality of the sperm, typically between 75 and 85 percent of eggs become fertilized with the use of ICSI. Our Pregnancy Success Rates are largely a product of the health of the embryo, which is largely tied to the quality of both the eggs and sperm.
Because lower dosages of fertility medications are prescribed to only produce 3 to 5 high quality eggs, the patient’s cost per Mini-IVF™ cycle is reduced. With a Mini-IVF™ protocol, the patient’s physical discomfort is lessened because her body is not forced into producing the 10 to 15 eggs reached in a Conventional IVF cycle.
Mini-IVF™ is the best treatment protocol for those women who have been:
Mini-IVF™ has also become the preferred treatment protocol for:
It is important to work with a fertility doctor having the expertise required to design a customized ICSI/IVF treatment protocol meeting your personal needs. To schedule your initial consultation with Dr. John Zhang at New Hope Fertility Center – call 917.525.5496.