As women’s roles change in society, their view of family is evolving. Women still want to become mothers and to start a family, but later in life. However, biologically, women are best equipped to start a family before age 35. Egg freezing and fertility preservation provides the peace of mind that when a woman is ready to start a family, she will have healthy eggs available.
In vitro fertilization, commonly referred to as IVF, treatment concludes with the transfer of embryos directly into a woman’s uterus. From there it is a waiting game to see if the transferred embryos implant, resulting in pregnancy. In traditional IVF treatment, multiple embryos are transferred with the belief that increasing the number of embryos also increases the chance of pregnancy. However, research shows this is not the case. Transferring multiple embryos does not increase pregnancy rates. What does increase is the likelihood of conceiving multiples which can result in significant health risks to both mother and child.
Today, Dr. Zhang would like to comment on egg quality and a woman’s age.
It is commonly understood that there is a direct relationship between the age of a woman and the quality of her eggs. In general, after a certain time, the increased age of a woman will increase the chance of a poor quality egg. This is important because poor quality eggs are more likely to contribute to a poor quality embryo than their counterparts, the sperm.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) is made by Trophoblasts, the major component of placenta. It has two subunits, α and β, in structure. Subunit β is (βHCG) more specific in differentiating hCG from the rest of the molecules with similar structure.
You did everything you were supposed to do. Yet, after trying on your own, you weren’t able to get pregnant. It’s unexpected, it’s unfair, it’s stressful that something other people do every day by accident is seemingly out of your reach. Fertility issues are among the most stressful situations that a person can experience. That very stress can make fertility issues worse.
A person’s overall health plays a large role in their fertility. Many people do not realize that the food they eat can impact their ability to start a family. Proper dieting and adopting a healthy lifestyle can help improve your chance of getting pregnant.
A common cause of infertility in women is having a diminished ovarian reserve. A diminished ovarian reserve means that a woman is less likely to produce a high quality egg that is suited for pregnancy. These women have a more difficult time becoming pregnant and are more likely to suffer a miscarriage due to the low quality of their eggs. Using DHEA as a part of fertility care has been clinically proven to increase the chance of pregnancy and live birth.
More and more women are looking to start a family on their own terms, once they are ready. Readiness means different things to different people. Some women want to achieve career aspirations before starting a family. Others may have personal goals like traveling the world or purchasing a home in their ideal neighborhood that they want to achieve first. For women who are in a committed relationship, or who intend to use donor sperm, embryo banking may be the ideal fertility preservation method.
In-Vitro Maturization (IVM) is a technique that allows an egg that was not fully developed at the time of egg retrieval, to continue to mature in the lab. An immature egg takes more time to fertilize, therefore a woman’s ovulation time is around 14 days to insure that the egg will be at the proper stage for insemination. A culture medium is used to mature the egg, which contains important amino acids. Occasionally the amino acids can be supplemented with follicular fluid from the donor eggs to enhance egg maturation in the lab.